09TBILISI670, GEORGIA OFFERS NON-PAPER ON NEW UN MISSION

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09TBILISI670 2009-04-06 11:51 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tbilisi

VZCZCXRO0506
OO RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHNP RUEHROV RUEHSR
DE RUEHSI #0670/01 0961151
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 061151Z APR 09 ZDK
FM AMEMBASSY TBILISI
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1317
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 0199
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 0081
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 4819
RUEHUNV/UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO PRIORITY 4022

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 TBILISI 000670 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/02/2019 
TAGS: PREL MOPS KBTS RS GG
SUBJECT: GEORGIA OFFERS NON-PAPER ON NEW UN MISSION 
 
REF: A. TBILISI 625 
     B. USUN 326 
 
Classified By: DCM Kent D. Logsdon for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d). 
 
1. (C) On April 2, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander 
Nalbandov called in the DCM to provide a non-paper with 
Georgia's thoughts on a new UN mission in Abkhazia, Georgia 
(as promised in ref A; see paragraph 2 for text) and asked 
for U.S. support.  He indicated he would also pass it to UN 
Special Representative Verbeke as well as local 
representatives of Germany and those members of the UN 
Security Council with missions in Georgia (China, France, 
Japan, Turkey, and the UK) -- but pointedly noted that the 
U.S. was receiving it first.  Contrasting it to UN Special 
Representative's latest non-paper (ref B), Nalbandov said 
Georgia's contribution covers all three components that 
Georgia considers important in a UN mission: security (the 
one area Verbeke's paper does cover), humanitarian issues, 
and monitoring.  He explained that, although this is a 
non-paper and not a draft mandate or resolution, Georgia 
considers all the elements included in the paper essential to 
an effective mission.  The DCM thanked Nalbandov for the 
paper and said the U.S., which is in the process of 
considering its own position, would certainly take Georgia's 
thoughts into account.  (Comment: Post is encouraged that 
Georgia seems to be taking a much more proactive role in the 
discussion of a new mandate than it did in the period leading 
up to December 2008's UNSCR 1866.) 
 
2. (SBU) The text of the non-paper follows. 
 
(Begin text.) 
 
Some Elements of the Future UN Presence in Abkhazia, Georgia 
 
NEED FOR A NEW EFFECTIVE SECURITY ARRANGEMENT 
 
Due to the lack of secure environment in the Gali region, 
where Georgian population represents an absolute majority, it 
is necessary to elaborate such security mechanism through the 
UNSC Resolution, which will protect the safety and dignity of 
the population and will create conditions for the safe and 
dignified return of the IDPs and refugees.  The very same 
regime has to be established in the Kodori Valley, the 
territory from which the local population has been forcefully 
expelled recently.  Future security arrangement has to 
provide security for the local population and prevent the 
acts of ethnic cleansing, terrorism, human rights violations 
and other forms of violence.  In order to meet these goals, 
Georgia has the following vision on the future UN presence in 
Abkhazia, Georgia. 
 
SECURITY REGIME 
 
Demilitarized Security Zone (DSZ): 
 
DSZ shall be established in the following areas: 
- On Georgian side of the administrative border: 
Zone A. 12 km to the east of the administrative border line. 
The total length of the zone should be 60km; 
- On the territory occupied by the Russian Federation: 
Zone B. Whole Gali Region; 
Zone C. Kodori Valley. 
 
DSZ shall include following restrictions: 
- No presence of the armed forces and equipment shall be 
allowed in these zones; 
- No personnel of the local law-enforcement agencies shall be 
allowed in the Zones B and C; 
- No more than 500 law enforcement personnel should be 
allowed in the Zone A; 
- Limited number of light wheeled unarmed armored vehicles 
intended for the law-enforcement use shall be allowed in the 
Zone A. 
 
Confidence Zone: 
 
Confidence Zone shall be established in the following areas: 
QConfidence Zone shall be established in the following areas: 
- 12 km.s around the security zones A and B, including the 
territorial waters in the Black Sea; 
 
Confidence Zone shall include the following restrictions: 
- No heavy military equipment, including tanks, armored 
personnel carriers, all types of artillery and mortars and 
military vehicles can be allowed to the Confidence Zone; 
 
TBILISI 00000670  002 OF 003 
 
 
- No more than 500 law enforcement personnel should be 
allowed into the Confidence Zone; 
- Light wheeled unarmed armored vehicles intended for the 
law-enforcement use shall be allowed in the Confidence Zone. 
 
MONITORING COMPONENT 
 
The area of responsibility of the UN monitors shall be the 
whole zone, where security regime (both demilitarized 
security zone and confidence zone) is in force; 
 
Mandate of the UN monitors should include the following: 
- Monitoring the implementation of the six-point cease-fire 
agreement of August 12, 2008; 
- Monitoring the compliance with the security regime 
introduced by the UNSC Resolution of June 15, 2009; 
- Patrolling the whole area of responsibility with an aim of 
receiving information about the breaches of the security 
regime; 
- Etablishing permanent observer checkpoints in the 
demilitarized security zone; 
- Monitoring the coastal waters and airspace in the UN area 
of responsibility; 
- Monitoring the violatio
ns of human rights and fundamental 
freedoms of the population residing in the AoR of the UN 
Mission; 
- Monitoring the process and conditions of return of the IDPs 
and refugees to the area of responsibility of the UN Mission; 
- Regular (on a weekly basis) reporting to the UN Secretariat 
on the outcomes of the monitoring; 
- Regular (on a monthly basis) reporting to the sides. 
 
Other Activities 
- Reinforcing the UN/OSCE HRO in Gali; 
- Establishing the institution of UN Ombudsman for the 
population of Gali and Ochamchire regions and Kodori Valley. 
 
EXECUTIVE POLICE COMPONENT 
 
UNEPF shall conduct its operation in the security zones B and 
C. 
 
UNEPF shall have a right to carry sidearms and have the 
following tasks: 
- Establishment and maintenance of a secure environment, 
public safety and public order; 
- Protection of persons and their property; 
- Assistance with the return of the IDPs and refugees; 
- Safe and orderly passage of local residents through 
crossing points; 
- Support of the international humanitarian efforts; 
- Protection of cultural property; 
- Support of the international de-mining efforts; 
- Establishment of the secure environment for the normal 
functioning of the Enguri Hydro Electric Station. 
 
At the next stage, UNEPF shall take part in the establishment 
of the joint local police units, comprising Abkhaz and 
Georgians with law-enforcing functions. 
 
SOME OTHER ELEMENTS RELATED TO THE FUTURE DISCUSSION ON 
UNOMIG'S MANDATE 
 
Name of the Mission should be "United Nations Mission in 
Georgia;" 
 
The resolution must have a clear reference to those previous 
Security Council Resolutions, which underline the 
independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of 
Georgia within its internationally recognized borders; 
 
The Russian proposal on the establishment of two missions (or 
any other option which undermines territorial integrity of 
Georgia) is unacceptable; 
 
It is extremely important that the name of the Agenda item, 
under which the UNSC Resolutions are discussed remains 
unchanged (it is currently called "Situation in Georgia"); 
 
It is important that the name of the UNSG report remains also 
unchanged (it is currently called "Situation in Abkhazia, 
Georgia"); 
 
The attendance of the representatives of the proxy regimes 
either at the UN Security Council meeting or other informal 
Qeither at the UN Security Council meeting or other informal 
meetings at the UN premises (for instance through Arria 
 
TBILISI 00000670  003 OF 003 
 
 
formula) is unacceptable. 
 
(End text.) 
TEFFT

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