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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08TBILISI60 2008-01-16 11:01 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Tbilisi


DE RUEHSI #0060/01 0161101
R 161101Z JAN 08

E.O. 12958: NA 
1. Summary: With support from INL, the Ministry of Defense of 
Georgia has implemented an Anti-TIP training and awareness program 
for military personnel.  Using curriculum materials developed by the 
International Organization for Migration (IOM), the program includes 
a training DVD and printed material for troops deploying to Iraq in 
January.  In addition to meeting this time sensitive requirement, 
training for nearly 400 officers and non-commissioned officers, as 
well as train-the-trainer sessions for instructors will be conducted 
by IOM to ensure sustainability of the program.  IOM, together with 
Georgia's Prosecutor General's office, also provided anti-TIP 
training for Georgian law enforcement in December.  End Summary. 
Targeting Immediate and Long Term Training 
2.  In order to meet NATO policy requirements and demonstrate 
continued progress in combating trafficking in persons, the 
Government of Georgia is providing anti-TIP training and awareness 
for military personnel, with special emphasis on units preparing for 
overseas deployment.  The Ministry of Defense program utilizes a 
3-pronged approach:  1. Immediate training via DVD presentation and 
printed material for the troops of First Brigade deploying 
imminently for Iraq; 2. training by IOM for 370 officers and 
non-commissioned officers currently enrolled in their respective 
training academies; 3. Train-the-trainer sessions for 60 military 
instructors, conducted over 2 days by IOM. IOM developed the 
curriculum and materials by utilizing material obtained by INL from 
the Georgian police academy curriculum, the UN manual for 
peacekeepers in Kosovo, and material previously used by IOM in 
Georgia for anti-TIP campaigns. 
First Brigade - Destination: Iraq 
3. The DVD presentation and printed materials for Iraq-bound troops 
have been delivered to the First Brigade for pre-deployment 
training. The DVD begins with an opening statement by Major Zaza 
Kireulishvili of the MoD's Training and Education Department.  The 
translated text of the statement reads: "Hello, My name is Major 
Zaza Kireulishvili.  I want to talk to each of you about something 
that is very important to the Government of Georgia- human 
trafficking. Human trafficking is a severe human rights abuse and 
the Government of Georgia has enacted comprehensive laws to deal 
with this horrific crime.  There have been recent reports that human 
trafficking is becoming increasingly prevalent in post conflict 
societies that are struggling to recover from war, such as Iraq, 
Kosovo or Afghanistan.   As troops supporting peacekeeping 
operations in these areas, you must do everything you can to ensure 
that human trafficking is stopped. Peacekeeping troops are required 
to maintain the highest standards of integrity and conduct. 
Therefore, if any Georgian soldier is engaged in human trafficking, 
it constitutes serious misconduct and is grounds for disciplinary 
action, including being sent home from a mission abroad and 
prosecuted under the Georgian penal code. A solider may also be 
dismissed from his or her duties if caught engaging in human 
So, please, as a soldier - keep in mind that your duty is to protect 
people-- not abuse others. If you are aware of other soldiers 
engaged in human trafficking, please report such misconduct to your 
commanding officer or other appropriate official.   The Ministry of 
Defense does not tolerate human trafficking. 
I thank you for your service to your country and wish you success in 
your mission abroad." End text of statement.  The DVD then continues 
with a presentation by an IOM instructor and covers the following 
-- Definition of Trafficking in Persons 
-- NATO's policy on TIP 
-- Georgian  penal code- definition 
-- Testimonials from Georgian victims 
-- Situation in Iraq 
-- Various forms of trafficking (forced labor, forced prostitution, 
-- Georgian penal code- penalties for TIP 
-- Reporting mechanisms 
The DVD can be reused for future pre-deployment training by cutting 
the Iraq segment and inserting a segment on Afghanistan or Kosovo 
with minor editing. 
4. The printed materials include a pocket size card for each soldier 
with the text and images related to trafficking.  The text in 
Georgian language reads: "Humans are not for sale! Stop 
Exploitation! Report Exploitation to the Inspector General (number 
in Iraq: 822-2490) A soldier's duty is to protect people. A soldier 
caught engaging in human trafficking will be sent home and 
prosecuted under Georgian Civil Code.  Human trafficking is a crime 
under Georgian law punishable by up to 20 years in jail. Article 143 
of the Georgia Civil Law Defines human trafficking as..." (citation 
of statute text).  The pocket cards also include a calendar so the 
soldiers will have an additional use for them in the field. 
Adhesive posters (A-5 size) with the same message and images will 
also be used to "decorate" common areas of the Georgian forwar
operating base in Iraq. Hard copies of the pocket card and poster 
were provided to EUR/CARC and INL/AAE.  Electronic copies are 
available from Post INL Program Office. 
Sustainable and Long Term Training 
5. Training for officers in the "Captain's Course" and NCO's 
enrolled in the non-commissioned officers school will commence at 
the end of February. 370 personnel will participate in a 90 minute 
training course, which will consist of a power point presentation, 
case studies and a training manual. The manual will cover: 
-- Definition of trafficking in persons 
-- Trafficking as a human rights abuse 
-- International standards of conduct on sexual exploitation and 
-- International policy on trafficking in peacekeeping missions (UN, 
-- Disciplinary and administrative consequences of misconduct 
-- Examples of involvement of peacekeepers in trafficking 
-- How to react when case of trafficking has been identified 
-- Background information on trafficking specifically concerning 
those countries where Georgian soldiers will/ may be deployed (Iraq, 
Afghanistan, and Kosovo). 
6. Training for 60 military instructors (train-the-trainers) will be 
the final aspect of the program. IOM will conduct a 2-day course 
with a manual similar in content to the material developed for the 
officer and NCO academies, with additional background and guidelines 
for training delivery. In addition to lecture and case studies, the 
train-the-trainer course will also include practical exercises. 
Additional Training for Law Enforcement 
7. In addition to anti-TIP training for military personnel, IOM 
conducted training for Georgian law enforcement in December. IOM and 
the Prosecutor General's Office, with support from British FCO, 
facilitated a training course for Georgian law enforcement on 
investigative techniques related to the crime of trafficking in 
8. Twenty-three officials from the Prosecutor General's Office (15 
officials from both the central as well as the regional structures), 
the Special Operations Department of the Ministry of Internal 
Affairs (four police investigators) and the Border Police of the 
Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (two 
operational-investigative officers and two training curriculum 
developers) participated in this two-and-a-half day training 
9. Subject matter experts from the Prosecutor General's Office and 
IOM consultant Peter Bryant delivered the training. Bryant is a 
former UK police officer and currently active as independent 
curriculum developer and trainer on TIP. The joint approach ensured 
that the course addressed application of relevant Georgian laws, the 
methodologies and techniques available to investigators, and the 
plight of victims and how law enforcement should support and 
cooperate with victims to pursue the perpetrators of human 
trafficking.  The course also tasked participants with development 
of specific strategies that will enable local law enforcement to 
become more effective in combating TIP, and will ensure Georgia 
continues to make demonstrable progress in meeting minimum standards 
for the suppression and elimination of this crime. 


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